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© Copyright World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO), 2010. All Rights Reserved.

The information in the various pages of the WHO EMRO web site is issued by the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean for general distribution. The information presented is protected under the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literature and Artistic works, under other international conventions and under national laws on copyright and neighbouring rights.

Extracts of the information in the web site may be reviewed, reproduced or translated for research or private study but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes. Any use of information in the web site should be accompanied by an acknowledgment of WHO EMRO as the source, citing the uniform resource locator (URL) of the article. Reproduction or translation of substantial portions of the web site, or any use other than for educational or other non-commercial purposes, require explicit, prior authorization in writing. Applications and enquiries should be addressed to the programme responsible for the page used.

The designations employed and the presentation of the information in this web site do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement.

The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers' products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished by initial capital letters.

The World Health Organization does not warrant that the information contained in the web site is complete and correct and shall not be liable whatsoever for any damages incurred as a result of its use.


All rights in the documentation of the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (EMRO) are reserved. WHO publications enjoy copyright protection in accordance with the provisions of protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. The WHO name and emblem are protected and may not be used on any translation or reproduction without permission.

Neither books nor any parts of them may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the copyright holder. Nevertheless, WHO/EMRO welcomes requests for permission to translate or reproduce its publications, in part or in full.

WHO/EMRO is glad to provide the latest information on plans for new editions and reprints and translations already available.

Applications and enquiries

Requests for permission to reproduce WHO EMRO publications, in part or in whole, or to translate them – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to:

Regional Adviser, Health and Biomedical Information  
World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean,
PO Box 7608,
Nasr City, Cairo 11371,
Telephone: (202) 22765000 - Facsimile: (202) 2670 24 92 or 2670 24 94